HOW CAN A PERSON BE LEGALLY EVICTED?

Evictions involve requiring a tenant to move out of rental property for several reasons. This can be done using the agreed-upon lease terms and conditions or without notice. Immediate eviction can be initiated because of natural disasters without notices or warnings. In such situations, affected tenants must move from their residence to live somewhere else. 

Eviction by the landlord

Landowners conjure a cycle to eliminate occupants by legitimate methods. Evictions of this type are used when a tenant repeatedly goes against the landlord-tenant agreement in any of several ways.

• Giving an admonition for an inhabitant to change their conduct. A tenant who always goes against the rules in the lease risks being evicted. A landlord can give several warnings to a tenant before evicting him. Reasons for warnings include:

  • Constantly disturbing neighbors by making unnecessary noise.
  • Using an apartment for illegal purposes.
  • Constantly damaging the rental property.
  • Failure to pay rent for several months.
  • Giving eviction notices. This is the last phase of ousting that includes printing out expulsion notification and serving them on occupants.  In some cases, rental agreements, a tenant is given a 30-day notice to vacate to vacate. In others, leases, it’s a 3-day notice.
  • Involving the authorities. This is the last stage of eviction where the tenant and landlord go before a judge, and the landlord tries to get the judge to agree to order the tenant out. If he does order a tenant evicted, sheriff’s deputies move the tenant and his things off the property. 

Forceful eviction by natural calamities

Natural calamities are not predictable as to time and place. They include volcanic eruptions, landslides, tsunamis, and many others, causing people to forcefully move. Some of the most common natural disasters include:

  • Earthquakes. People living in areas associated with earthquakes should always be ready for anything. There are measures set up to construct houses that are impervious to tremors.
  • Floods. This is caused by rainfalls with great amounts of water. Heavy rains cause a risk of landslides, water carrying away houses, among other associated dangers. Below is a picture of a city with floods.
  • Volcanoes. Erupting volcanoes should be avoided as they cannot be prevented, and when they occur they claim a lot of lives. Places known for unstable volcanoes should be avoided at all costs as residential areas. 
  • Hurricanes. These occur in regions near enormous waters like seas. People living in hurricane-prone areas should build far away from the water area to avoid disaster. But even far from the water, wind, flying debris, and flooding pose a grave threat. 

Natural disasters have a negative impact on the landlord who owns the apartments and they are a source of stress and tenant issues. There are several cities that are commonly known for frequent natural disasters. They include:

  1. Texas is known for the constant floods, wildfires, and tornadoes.
  2. Florida is known for hurricanes.
  3. California is known for earthquakes, floods, and tsunamis.
  4. Arkansas is known for heavy rain, ice, snow, and flooding.

Landlords should be aware of the natural calamities that can happen where their property is located and take action to prevent losses. Actions landlords can take include;

  • Insurance. This includes reviewing policies and making sure one signs up for the right insurance coverage. In some instances, a landowner is forced to purchase separate policies to fully cover their property. 
  • Put in the lease rules governing destruction of rental property. This is specified in the lease agreement between the tenant and the landlord concerning a tenant’s property. The lease agreement should be valid to make sure the tenant’s right are observed. Other agreements might include if a tenant is supposed to pay rent during the period that their destroyed property is restored.
  • Structural preparations. This involves building apartments with the natural disasters the area is prone to in mind. Structurally stronger houses have a higher probability of getting more tenants than houses built on a normal basis.

After a forceful eviction, the following are some of the responsibilities of landlords:

  1. Inspecting their property to check the damage.
  2. Making sure the place is safe for a normal life again.
  3. Keeping records by taking pictures to help when dealing with insurance companies.

Natural disasters cannot be avoided, but safety measures can be taken to minimize the damage.

Lokesh