Animation is not a new concept. However, with the advancing technology and the shift to the digital world has revolutionized the animation industry.
Consider all your favorite cartoons such as Tom and Jerry, Donald Duck and Mickey mouse, these cartoons are characters in the two-dimensional environment. On the other hand, think of Elsa and Ana from Frozen or Maleficent from Maleficent, are all creation of 3D animation.
In 2D animation, the characters are comprised of height and width. They are created by the traditional drawing method. Here, every movement of the character has to be drawn frame by frame with hand-drawing, also called as a cell-animation method. However, today, 2D animators make use of software in the development of action sequences. But creating the first action scene has to be created with hand and the software will generate the rest of the motion sequences automatically.
On the other hand, 3D animation comprises objects in height, width, and depth. In other words, characters appear more realistic in 3D animation as compared to 2D characters. In 3D animation, everything is scene and action is created with 3D animation maker. The process of development is divided into several phases or steps such as modeling, texturing, lighting, rigging, rendering, etc.
To give it in more simple words, 2D animations are about the frames it takes to complete an action, whole 3D animation is about the movement made by the character. In 2D animation, the limit to the animation is your imagination. However, in 3D animation, you can add details concentrating on the real character. 2D animation can be implemented in advertisements, cartoons, and websites bit 3D animations, you can use it in building games and movies.